In 2009, the World Health Organization [WHO] attributed 13% of all deaths worldwide to hypertension, making it one of the most important public health problems in both developing and global countries. developing countries. Hypertension is also called hypertension and is called the “silent killer.” Blood pressure readings can vary from day to day depending on the situation. Factors that determine factors such as stress, anxiety, eating habits, smoking or exercise can cause stress.
The American Heart Association states that normal blood pressure is below 120 \ 80. High blood pressure is between 120 \ 80 and 129 \ 80, and hypertension is 130 \ 80 and above. During pregnancy, normal blood pressure should be below 120 \ 80. “Nearly half of all adults in the United States have high blood pressure, but many are unaware of this fact,” according to the Standard Report.
The symptoms of hypertension are difficult and obvious, which is why the nickname “Silent Killer” draws attention. It is important to regularly monitor your blood pressure level.
Occasionally, high blood pressure can cause sweating, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and embarrassment, but most of these symptoms are considered uncertain. Also, if the blood pressure turns into a hypertensive crisis, it attracts headaches and a runny nose.
Risk Factors And Complications Of Hypertension Or High Blood Pressure
If hypertension is not noticed in time or is not managed properly. Complications can occur as follows:
- Heart failure or heart attack
- Kidney damage
- High blood pressure retinopathy that can lead to blindness.
- Aneurysm: abnormal bulge in the arteries.
What Causes Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure?
- Age: It is more common in people 60 years and older, as the condition of the arteries weakens and becomes stiffer with age.
Alcohol And Tobacco: Regular consumption of large amounts of these substances raises the level of physical blood pressure.
Excessive use of salt and salty foods.
- Low potassium content
- Gender: According to a 2018 survey, men are more prone to high blood pressure than women. Women experience it after menopause.
- Body size and weight are the main risk factors for high blood pressure. Large numbers of obese people naturally suffer from high blood pressure for no apparent reason.
- Health Status – Current health history can cause high blood pressure. Diseases such as diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and heart disease.
Methods Or Ways To Avoid Hypertension Or High Blood Pressure
- Avoid or reduce the use of alcohol and tobacco.
- Monitor your body weight.
- Maintain a healthy diet.
- Cut down on salty and salty foods.
- See your medical advisor regularly.
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