Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic Ovarian Disorder (PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries produce an unusual amount of androgens, male chemicals that are usually present in small amounts in women.
Are you having trouble getting pregnant? You do not have to worry. First, remove the associated stress and anxiety. Relax and calm down. In most cases, PCO is usually a factor that can make it difficult to conceive a baby. If your symptoms are removed at the right time, it can be treated.
However, if it is not treated on time, it may cause infertility. So, if you still can’t get pregnant after a year of unprotected sex, you should see a healthcare provider as soon as possible.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that affects a woman’s hormones, occurs during the reproductive years, causes imbalances, and eventually leads to symptoms.
In PCOs, a woman’s body makes more male hormones called androgens. Therefore, it can cause long-term menstrual bleeding and make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant.
PCOS can also cause hirsutism (increased growth of facial and body hair) along with male pattern baldness. In addition, one of its complications is insulin resistance, which can lead to diabetes and heart disease in the long term. For treatment, healthcare providers can prescribe birth control pills and diabetes medications.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a syndrome that means you have different symptoms. It can be characterized;
- Ovarian cyst
- High levels of male hormones: androgens
- Irregular or missed periods
The word polycystic refers to many cysts – small fluid-filled sacs. They are follicles. Each of these contains an immature egg, which never matures to stimulate the ovary.
Egg deficiency causes hormonal imbalances, causing changes in estrogen, progesterone, LH, and FSH levels, making conception difficult. In addition, it interferes with the duration and flow of menstruation.
What are the symptoms of PCOs?
The signs and symptoms of PCOS can appear in the first period of menstruation or sometimes a woman may notice it when she is overweight. Other signs and symptoms may include;
Women with PCO can have irregular periods, usually about 8 per year. This is due to a lack of ovulation that prevents the lining from shedding.
The lining of the uterus lasts a long time. Therefore, it may cause more bleeding than usual.
Most women with PCO have excessive hair growth on the face, chest, abdomen, and back. This is due to the excessive secretion of male hormones. A condition in which a woman’s body grows more hair is called hirsutism.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is an excess of male hormones, which causes the skin to become oily. Hence, you become prone to breakouts and acne. They are found mainly on the face, chest, and upper back. If you suffer from acne due to hormonal problems, you should consult the best dermatologist.
- PCOS can cause weight gain and it also makes weight loss difficult.
- Male baldness
- In PCOs, women’s hair becomes thinner and eventually falls out, resulting in male pattern baldness.
- Darkening of the skin
- PCOS can cause darkening of the skin, especially under the chest, groin, and neck.
PCOs have hormonal changes that can cause headaches.
What are the causes of PCOs?
The exact causes of PCOS are unknown. Some of the following factors can play a role. These are:
The pancreas makes insulin in your body, a hormone that helps your cells use insulin, giving your body energy. If this doesn’t happen, the extra levels of sugar continue to circulate in your body, leading to hyperglycemia, a life-threatening condition.
However, if your body becomes resistant to insulin, sugar will continue to circulate in your blood. In response, your body will release more insulin to get rid of excess circulating insulin. Too much insulin can, in turn, lead to the production of additional androgens, which can lead to hormonal imbalances.
Having a family history and genetic predisposition to PCOs also increases your risk.
Most women with PCO have inflammation. By having a lot of weight or obese may also cause inflammation. Therefore, it can also cause PCOS.
What are the complications of PCO?
PCOs may cause to further complications for example;
- Sleep apnea
- Endometrial cancer
What are the treatment options for PCOs?
To treat PCOs, your healthcare provider will ask you to lose weight if you are overweight. Also, they may prescribe metformin to relieve insulin resistance.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that affects a woman’s hormones, occurs during the reproductive years, causes imbalances, and eventually leads to symptoms. In PCOs, a woman’s body makes more male hormones called androgens.
Therefore, it can cause long-term menstrual bleeding and make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant. PCOs can also cause hair growth and male pattern baldness on the body and face.
In addition, one of its complications is insulin resistance, which can lead to diabetes and heart disease in the long term. For treatment, healthcare providers may prescribe birth control pills and diabetes medications.
If you have any difficulty getting pregnant, you should go to the best gynecologist.
What should I think about PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition that affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. Women, that are facing PCOS, have hormonal abnormalities & digestive problems that may affect their overall health and appearance.
PCOS is also a very common & it is treatable, cause of infertility.
How serious is polycystic ovary syndrome?
What are the complications of PCOS? Women, facing PCOS are destined to develop certain genuine medical problems. These include type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular problems, and uterine dysfunction. Women with PCOS have problems with their ability to conceive regularly.
What are the 4 types of PCOS?
- Four types of PCOS.
- PCOS inhibits insulin
- Adrenal PCOS
- Inflammatory PCOS