High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) – Risk Factors And Complications

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is higher than normal blood pressure. Your blood pressure may be different in whole the day based on your daily routine activities.

You may have heard of many older people reducing their salt intake because their blood pressure is high. Blood pressure: the force that moves blood into the arteries, the large blood vessels in the body.

Blood pressure can go up and down for a variety of reasons. But when it stays high for a long time, it can be a sign of high blood pressure.

High blood pressure is a condition in which your blood pressure remains higher than normal. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg. If your blood pressure reads as 140/90 mm Hg over and over again, it indicates that you have high blood pressure. If you check it at home, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

Therefore, they prescribe the right medicine at the right time. This is because high blood pressure not only increases the risk of heart disease, but also increases the risk of kidney and brain disease.

What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

People with high blood pressure generally do not have such symptoms. Therefore, it may be called as the silent killer. No one has known for years. However, in some cases, it may show the following symptoms.

  • Tachycardia
  • Chest pain
  • Perspiration
  • Anxiety
  • Difficulty to sleep
  • You should be ashamed

If you have these symptoms and want to consult the best cardiologist.

What are the risk factors for hypertension or high blood pressure?

The following factors can increase the chances of high blood pressure.

  • Positive family history
  • Smoking
  • High levels of cholesterol in the blood.
  • Vain lifestyle
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Age (for men over 45 and women over 55)

What are the options for managing high blood pressure?

High blood pressure can be controlled by following these steps:

1- Give up smoking

Smoking causes hardening of the arteries, which can lead to an increase in blood pressure in the arteries, which in turn increases blood pressure.

2- Blood pressure monitoring

If you are over 45, you should check your blood pressure frequently. So, you can take care of it.

3- Use a diet with low cholesterol levels

Foods high in cholesterol can cause hypercholesterolemia. Excess cholesterol builds up in the arteries, blocking normal blood flow and ultimately causing high blood pressure.

4- Exercise regularly

Exercising regularly helps maintain blood flow and prevents arteries from clogging. In addition, it strengthens your heart and normalizes blood pressure.

5- Keep A Healthy Weight

If you are overweight according to your body mass index, then you should lose weight. Losing a few pounds can help bring your blood pressure back to normal. However, weight loss cannot be replaced with medication. If your healthcare provider prescribes medicine to lower your blood pressure, be sure to take it on time.

6- Use less sugar

Using some sugars to prevent diabetes and control your blood sugar level is also one measure that can protect you from high blood pressure. This is because diabetes increases the risk of high blood pressure. Therefore, stopping one can reduce the risk of the other.

7- Take steps to avoid stress

Stress can raise your blood pressure. Therefore, you should try stress relieving exercises like yoga or meditation to reduce the stress of daily life. Stay calm and think positive. Unnecessary stress is not good for your health.

8- Low salt diet

If you have or are at risk for high blood pressure, you should follow a low sodium diet. In particular, try to reduce the amount of raw salt in your diet.

What are the complications of hypertension?

High blood pressure, when left untreated, can lead to serious life-threatening complications such as;

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Kidney damage
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Aneurysms
  • High blood pressure retinopathy


High blood pressure is a condition where your blood pressure stays above 140/90 mm Hg. If diagnosed, you should check your blood pressure frequently. Also, see your healthcare provider as soon as possible so they can prescribe the right medication for you. You should try to adopt a healthy lifestyle and also continue your treatment. For a follow-up visit, you can see the best cardiologist.

What are the causes of high blood pressure?

There are several causes of high blood pressure that are discussed below.

  • When your blood plasma increases.
  • Hormonal changes caused by drugs.
  • Environmental factors such as stress.

What is the treatment for high blood pressure?

Hypertension and high blood pressure is a chronic disease. It can be controlled with medications and lifestyle changes.

What are the factors that affect blood pressure?

  • Cardiac output
  • Peripheral vascular resistance
  • The volume of blood circulating
  • Blood viscosity
  • Flexibility of vessel walls

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