What Is The Coronavirus 2019 Or COVID-19?
In the beginning of 2020, a new type of virus began to spread all over the world due to its unprecedented transmission speed. The original was discovered in December 2019 at a food market in Wuhan, China. From there, it has spread to remote countries like the United States and the Philippines.
The virus (officially known as SARS-CoV-2) has been responsible for tens of millions of infections worldwide, which can lead to more than 1.5 million deaths. It is said that The United States Of America has become the most effected country in the world. The disease caused by the SARS covid-2 infection is called COVID-19, which stands for coronavirus 2019.
Here we take a look at some kind of the myths.
Read on to find out:
- How does the corona virus spread?
- How is it alike and how it differs from other coronaviruses?
- If you suspect you have it, how can you prevent others from spreading the virus?
What Are The Symptoms Of Coronavirus 2019 Or COVID-19?
Doctors and scientists are learning new things about the virus every day. So far, we know that COVID-19 may not cause any symptoms in some people. You can contract a reliable virus for 2 days to 2 weeks before symptoms go away. Some commonly linked symptoms specifically to COVID-19 include:
- Difficult in breathing
- Cough that gets worse over time
- There is a mild fever that slowly increases in temperature
- It’s getting cold
Less common symptoms include:
- Repeated shanking with Chills
- Sore throat
- Muscle aches and pains
- Lack of taste or smell
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Gastrointestinal symptoms may include like diarrhea, nausea & vomiting
- Discoloration of the fingers or toes.
- Pink eye
However, people with COVID-19 can have some, all, or none of these symptoms. These symptoms or signs may be more acute and dangerous in some people. Call emergency medical services if you have or have any of the symptoms of someone you care for:
- Trouble breathing
- Blue lips or blue faces
- Persistent chest pain or pressure
- Excessive Drowsiness
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are investigating the full range of symptoms or signs uptill now.
COVID-19 Versus The Flu
The 2019 Corona virus causes more deaths than the seasonal flu. According to the CDC, an estimated 0.04 to 0.16 percent of people who caused the flu during the 2019-2020 flu season in the United States died before April 4, 2020, according to the CDC.
In contrast, approximately 1.76% of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the United States had died by December 26, 2020. Flu and COVID-19 share the same symbol. Common symptoms of the flu include:
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Sore throat
- It’s getting cold
- Body pain
What Causes The Coronavirus 2019 Or COVID-19?
Corona viruses are zoonotic. This means that they first develop in animals before being transmitted to humans. For the virus to be transmitted from animals to humans, a person must be in close contact with an animal that has an infection.
Once the virus has spread to humans, the corona virus can be transmitted from person to person through respiratory droplets. This is a technical name for the wet things that go through the air when you exhale, cough, sneeze, or speak.
Viral material hangs on these droplets and can enter the respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs), where the virus can cause infection.
You can get SARS-CoV-2 if you start touching your mouth, nose, or eyes after touching a surface or object that contains the virus. However, a reliable source is not believed to be the primary way to remove the virus.
SARS-CoV-2 can also be transmitted through the air transfer of small infectious particles that remain in the air for hours.
However, infection from close contact with people with SARS-2 and its respiratory droplets is currently more common. The 2019 corona virus has not been linked to any particular animal.
Researchers believe that the virus may have been transmitted from bats to other animals, be they snakes or penguins, and then passed on to humans. This transmission is possible in the open food market in Wuhan.
Who Is At Increased Risk?
You are at higher risk of contracting SARS-2 if you come into contact with someone who carries it, especially if you have found your saliva or lives near it when you hit, sneeze or speak. Without proper safety precautions, you are at even greater risk if:
- Stay with someone who has contracted the virus
- Caring for a home for someone who has contracted the virus
- There is an intimate partner who has contracted the virus.
Washing Your Hands Is The Key
Washing your hands and disinfecting surfaces can help reduce your risk of contracting another virus.
Older people and people with certain diseases have a reliable source of serious complications from the virus. These health conditions may include:
- Serious heart conditions, like heart failure, Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) & Cardiomyopathy.
- Chronic illness
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- Obesity, found in people 30 years of age or older with a body mass index (BMI)
- Squamous cell anemia
- Weakened immune system from solid organ transplants
- Type 2-diabetes
COVID-19 And Pregnancy
Pregnancy also puts you at higher risk for Code 19 complications.
A source from the CDC Trust reports that pregnant women are more likely to have a serious illness from COVID-19 than non-pregnant women. For example, pregnant women were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) almost three times more than non-pregnant women. The death rate for pregnant women is also high.
According to a authentic source from September 2020, women that are facing COVID-19 are also more likely to have preterm births than women that are without COVID-19. The mother is unlikely to transmit the virus to the baby during pregnancy, but she can contract the virus only after the newborn is born.
How Is The Coronavirus 2019 Or COVID-19 Diagnosed?
Covid-19 can be diagnosed like any other disease caused by a viral infection: using blood, saliva, or tissue samples. However, most tests use a cotton swab to obtain a sample from the inside of the nostril.
Test locations may include:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- Some state health departments
- Commercial companies
- Some pharmacies
- Emergency room
- Social proof centers
At Home Tests
On November 17, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) trusted source issued its first Emergency Use Permit (EUA) for the COVID-19 Self-Assessment Kit.
The EUA clarified that the test kit is licensed for use by individuals 14 years of age and older whose healthcare professionals have identified COVID-19 as a suspect.
The Lucira COVID-19 All-in-One Kit is a rapid test, which means there is no need to send nasal swab samples to the lab. The test kit is only available by prescription and promises results in 30 minutes.
On April 21, 2020, the FDAT trusted source authorized the use of the first COVID-19 home collection kit. Developed by Labcorp using Pixel.
A cotton swab has been provided and people will be able to collect a sample from the nose with it and send it to a designated laboratory for analysis.
Did You Know?
Emergency Use Permits (US) are authorized sources that allow the use of medical products that have not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The FDA issues USA in situations where FDA-approved alternatives are not available to aid in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a serious condition.
When To See Your Doctor?
If you think you have code 19 or are experiencing symptoms, speak to your doctor immediately. Your doctor will inform you if:
- Stay home and manage your symptoms
- Visit telefilm
- Come to the doctor’s office for a diagnosis.
- Go to the hospital for more urgent care
What Treatments Are Available?
There is currently no cure for the new corona virus infection. However, many treatments and vaccines are currently being studied.
This prescription is available for people 12 years of age and older who are hospitalized. It may be given like as an intravenous (IV) infusion.
In November 2020, the FDA also gave the US the same antibiotics. Monoclonal antibodies are man-made proteins that help fight foreign substances, such as viruses.
These medications are:
- Bamlanivimab, from Eli Lilly
- Casirivimab And Imdevimab, from the Regeneron Pharmaceutical
Like the remedies, they also give intravenous infusion and are intended for people 12 years of age and older. These drugs are used for outpatient therapy.
The FDA has also published some other treatments like Eva as like Plasma, Convulsant. Much of the treatment for Covid 19 focuses on managing symptoms, as the virus goes its own way.
You should take medical help if you are thinking that you are facing CoVID-19. Your doctor or medical consultant will recommend the treatment for any signs or complications that you are facing and will tell you if you need emergency treatment or not.
Treatment For Other Coronaviruses
Other corona viruses, such as acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), are also treated by managing symptoms. In some cases, experimental therapies have been tried to see how effective they are.
Examples that can be used for the treatment of these diseases may include:
- Antiviral or retroviral drugs.
- Breathing assistance, such as mechanical ventilation
- Steroids to help reduce swelling and inflammation in the lungs.
- Blood plasma transfer
What Are The Possible Complications of COVID-19 Or Coronavirus 2019?
The most critical symptoms of Covid-19 is a kind of pneumonia may be called as 2019 Novel Coronavirus Infected Pneumonia (NCIP).
A reliable source from the 2020 study found that 138 people were admitted to Wuhan hospitals with NCIP, 26% of those admitted had severe cases and needed to be treated in the ICU.
The NCIP mortality rate after hospitalization was 4.3%.
It should be noted that the people who were admitted to the ICU were, on average, older and had more basic health conditions than those who did not attend the ICU. NCIP is not the only complication associated with the 2019 Corona virus.
Researchers have found the following complications in people who develop COVID-19:
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Irregular heart rate (arrhythmia)
- Myocardial infarction
- Kidney injury or kidney failure (including dialysis)
- Severe muscle pain
- Heart damage or heart attack
- Multi-systemic inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) in children; It is also known as pediatric multisystem inflammation syndrome (PMIS)
How Can The Coronavirus 2019 Or COVID-19 Be Prevented?
The best way to prevent transmission of the virus is to avoid or limit contact with people who show signs of COVID-19 or a respiratory infection.
The best thing you can do is practice good hygiene and physical distance to avoid the spread of bacteria and viruses.
- You should wash your hands with soap & hot water for 20 seconds at one time at least. 20 seconds means, Until the time to sung, song “ABC” starts.
- You should not touch your face, eyes, nose, or mouth when your hands are dirty or polluted.
- Do not go outside if you feel unwell or have symptoms of a cold or flu.
- You should stay at least 6 feet (2 meters) away from other people. You should avoid crowds and large gatherings groups.
- Whenever you sneeze or cough, cover your mouth with a tissue or the inside of your elbow. Immediately remove the tissues you use. Throw it away
- Clean everything you touch too much. Use disinfectants on items like phones, computers, and Dornobs. Use soap and water for the foods you cook or eat with, such as utensils and dishes.
Numerous vaccines are being developed, which will soon be available to the public and will be used to prevent it. Some have already proven their usefulness in clinical trials.
On December 11, 2020, the FDA Trusted source gave a vaccine to its first USA. The vaccine was developed by Pfizer and Biotech. It can be given to people over 16 years of age.
On December 18, the trusted source FDAATS awarded a modernized vaccine to the USA. The Moderna vaccine can be given to people over 18 years of age.
Should You Wear A Mask?
If you are outside of a public place where physical distance guidelines are difficult to follow, the CDCT Trust Source recommends that you wear a mask or cover your face and nose.
When used correctly, and by a large percentage of the population, these masks can help reduce the transmission of SARS Covey 2.
This is because they can block the breath droplets of people who may be asymptomatic or people who have the virus but have been diagnosed.
You can make your own mask using basic ingredients like:
- A Bandana
- A T-shirt
- Cotton fabric
The CDC provides a reliable source for instructions on how to make masks with scissors or with a sewing machine. In generally, cloth masks are more preferred for the general public because other kind of masks should be reserved for healthcare workers.
It is important to keep the mask clean. Wash it every time you use it. Avoid touching the front with your hands. You should also try to avoid touching your mouth, nose & eyes when remove it. This prevents you from transmitting the virus from the mask to your hands and from your hands to your face.
Please note that wearing or covering a mask is not a substitute for other safety measures, such as frequent hand washing and physical distance. All of these are important.
Some people that are facing the following situations, should not wear the face masks, that may include:
- Children under 2 years
- People who have trouble breathing.
- People who cannot remove their masks.
What Are The Other Types Of Coronaviruses?
A corona virus is named after looking under a microscope.
The word crown means “crown”.
When examined closely, the round virus has a “crown” of proteins called papillomeres that protrude from its center in all directions. These proteins help identify the virus and whether it can infect its host.
The condition is known as SARS and was linked to a highly contagious corona virus in the early 2000s.
COVID-19 Vs. SARS
This is not the first time a coronavirus has been reported. The SARS outbreak in 2003 was also caused by a corona virus.
Such as the 2019 virus, the SARS virus was first found in animals while before being transmitted into humans.
The stork virus is believed to come from bats and was transmitted to other animals and later to humans. If once it is transmitted to humans, the SARS virus starts to spread quickly among humans.
However, unlike the new corona virus, the SARS virus eventually existed and was eliminated.