Everything About Blood Cancer, Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis & Treatment

Overview

Cancer is a disease in which cells become rapidly abnormal, old or damaged cells survive when they die, and new cells are formed when they are no longer needed. These extra cells can divide without stopping and cause growth called tumors.

Blood cancer, a kind of cancer that affects the blood cells of our body. Most leukemia, also called hematologic cancer, begins in the bone marrow, where blood is made.

Healthy blood cells involve the balance of different types of cells.

Types Of Blood Cancer

There are different types of blood cancer, including:

1- Leukemia

It is a type of blood cancer that starts in the blood and bone marrow. This is due to the overproduction of abnormal white blood cells in the bone marrow, which interferes with the ability of red bone cells and platelets to form in the bone marrow.

2- Lymphoma

It is a type of blood cancer that affects white blood cells called lymphocytes, which play an important role in your immune system. It is caused by an overproduction of abnormal white blood cells (lymphocytes) that affect the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system.

3- Myeloma

It is a type of cancer involving plasma cells that produce antibodies that fight disease and infection. This is caused by abnormal production of plasma cells, or myeloma cells, which accumulate in the bone marrow and form tumors, called plasmacytomas, which prevent the bone marrow from making healthy blood cells. Can Because of myeloma, your body has a hard time fighting infection.

4- Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)

MDS is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow does not function properly and the defect produces blood cells. This is when some of the blood cells in the bone marrow mature into healthy blood cells.

These immature cells do not work properly and take up space in the bone marrow or blood. This leaves little room for healthy blood cells to grow.

5- Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN)

MPN is a disorder in which the proliferation of a particular type of blood cell, that occurs due to the abnormal production of blood cells (platelets, white blood cells, and red blood cells) in the bone marrow. Myeloproliferative neoplasms are a rare group of conditions that affect the blood.

Signs And Symptoms Of Blood Cancer

Some people may not have symptoms of the disease unless the disease progresses. Not everyone will have the same symptoms.
Some common symptoms of blood cancer include:

  • Cough or chest pain
  • Feeling feverish or cold
  • Recurrent infections
  • Meaningless rash or itchy skin
  • Unknown weight loss
  • Unintentional injury or bleeding
  • Loss of appetite or nausea
  • Great night
  • Persistent weakness and fatigue.
  • Breathlessness
  • Swelling in the neck, armpits or joints, painless lymph nodes

Diagnosis Of Blood Cancer

The test is done to determine the type and stage of your blood cancer. Staging is a procedure that identifies the spread and severity of cancer.
Tests and procedures for diagnosing leukemia may include:

  • Imaging tests: computed tomography, positron emission tomography, and X-ray
  • Physical examination
  • Lymph node biopsy (for tests)
  • Blood tests
  • Bone marrow biopsy

Treatment Of Blood Cancer

Treatment of blood cancer depends on:

  • Type of cancer
  • Patient age
  • How fast cancer is growing
  • Where cancer has spread and other factors.

Some common treatments for blood cancer include:

1- Stem Cell Transplantation

Blood stem cell transplant is a procedure in which stem cells produced from a patient’s infected blood are replaced with healthy blood-forming stem cells that are used in a donor’s bone marrow, blood circulation, and umbilical cord blood.

These stem cells grow in all types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells (or immune cells), and platelets.

2- Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a type of procedure that uses antacid drugs to stop and stop the growth of cancer cells in the body. Doctors use these treatments both to treat cancer and to cause cancer symptoms, such as pain, such as shrinkage of tumors.

Chemotherapy for leukemia sometimes requires a combination of several drugs. This type of treatment may also be given before applying stem cell transplant.

3- Radiotherapy

Radiation therapy is a type of treatment that can be used to kill cancer cells or relieve pain or discomfort.
Radiation therapy for cancer patients.

4- Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy, also called biotherapy, takes care of the body’s immune system to help fight diseases such as leukemia. It has the ability to work directly with the patient’s immune system to stop or slow down the growth of cancer cells.

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