What Is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental health disorder that can lead to hyperactive and rapid behaviors at above normal levels. People with ADHD may also have difficulty concentrating on a single task or sitting for long periods of time.
Both adults and children can get ADHD. This is a diagnosis recognized by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).
ADHD is widely treated. Some of the most common include:
- Having trouble concentrating on tasks
- Forget completing tasks
- Easily distracted
- Keep quiet
- Stop people talking
If you or your child has ADHD, you may have some or all of these symptoms. The symptoms you have depend on the nature of your ADHD.
Types Or Kinds Of ADHD
To further strengthen the diagnosis of ADHD, the APA has divided the condition into three categories. These types are mainly inattentive, mainly hyperactive – fast and a combination of both.
As the name suggests, people with this type of ADHD have great difficulty concentrating, completing tasks, and following instructions.
Experts also think that many children with the type of ADHD who are engaged may not receive a proper diagnosis because they do not tend to disrupt the classroom. This type is more common in girls with ADHD.
Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive And Inattentive Type
People with this type of ADHD are generally less serious and emotional. This can include fidgeting, interfering with people talking and not being able to wait their turn.
Although negligence with this type of ADHD is a minor concern, people with hypertensive-episodic ADHD in particular may find it difficult to focus on tasks.
Combined Hyperactive-Impulsive And Inattentive Type
This is the most common type of ADHD. People with this common type of ADHD have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity. These include inability to concentrate, the tendency to relapse, and higher than normal activity and energy levels.
The type of ADHD you or your child has has determines how he or she will be treated. The type you have may change over time, so your treatment may change.
ADD vs. ADHD
You may have heard the terms “ADD” and “ADHD” and wondered what the difference is between them. ADD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is an old term. Earlier it was used to describe people who have difficulty paying attention but are not very active. The type of ADHD that is primarily called negligence is now used in place of ADD.
The current common name for this condition is ADHD. The term ADHD became official in May 2013, when the APA published the fifth edition (DSM-5) of the Mental Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. This is the rule that physicians refer to when diagnosing mental illness.
ADHD In Adults
More than 60% of children with ADHD have adult symptoms. But for many people, the symptoms of ADHD decrease or become more common with age.
“Treatment is necessary,” he said. Untreated ADHD in adults can have a negative impact on many aspects of life. Symptoms such as time management, forgetfulness and anxiety can cause problems at work, at home and in all kinds of relationships.
ADHD In Children
One in 10 children between the ages of 5 and 17 is diagnosed with ADHD, making it one of the most common childhood neurological disorders in the United States.
For children, ADHD is usually associated with problems at school. Children with ADHD often have trouble succeeding in a controlled classroom.
Boys are more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD. This may be due to the fact that children have symptoms characteristic of hyperactivity. Although some girls with ADHD may have the classic symptoms of hyperactivity, many are not. In many cases, girls with ADHD can:
- Plenty of dreams during the day
- Talk to you soon and keep up the good content
Many ADHD symptoms can be common childhood behaviors, so it can be difficult to know what ADHD has to do with and what it doesn’t.
Causes Of ADHD
Despite the prevalence of ADHD, doctors and researchers are still unsure what caused the condition. It is thought to have a neural origin. Genetics can also play a role.
Research Trusted Sources indicate that dopamine deficiency is a factor in ADHD. Dopamine is a brain chemical that helps carry signals from one nerve to another. It plays a role in activating emotional responses and mobility.
Other research suggests a reliable source of structural differences in the brain. The results show that the proportion of people with ADHD is brown. Gray matter includes areas of the brain that help:
- Self Control
- Decision Making
- Muscle control
Researchers are still studying the possible causes of ADHD, such as smoking during pregnancy.
ADHD Testing And Diagnosis
There is not a single test that can tell if you or your child has ADHD. A recent study, a trusted source, highlighted the benefits of a new test for diagnosing ADHD in adults, but many doctors believe that the diagnosis of ADHD cannot be based on a single test. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will check for any symptoms that you or your child has had in the last six months.
Your doctor may gather information from teachers or family members and use checklists and rating scales to assess symptoms. They will also have a physical examination to check for other health problems. If you suspect that you or your child has ADHD, talk to your doctor about getting diagnosed. For your child, you can also talk to your school counselor. Schools periodically diagnose children with issues that may affect their academic performance.
Provide notes and observations about your or your child’s behavior to your doctor or counselor for a diagnosis. If they suspect ADHD, they can refer you or your child to an ADHD specialist. Depending on the diagnosis, they may recommend a visit to a psychiatrist or neurologist.
Treatment for ADHD usually includes behavioral therapy, medication, or both. Types of therapy include psychotherapy or talk therapy. With talk therapy, you or your child will talk about how ADHD affects your life and the ways you help manage it. Another type of behavior. This therapy can help you or your child control and control their behavior.
Medications can also be very helpful when you are living with ADHD. ADHD drugs are used to infect brain chemicals in this way. Developed so that you can better control your impressions and actions.
The two main types of medications used to treat ADHD are stimulants and non-stimulants. Central nervous system (CNS) stimuli are the most commonly prescribed ADHD drugs. These drugs work by increasing the chemical levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. Examples of these drugs include methylphenidate (retalin) and amphetamine-based stimulants (adderall).
If the stimulants do not work well for you or your child, or if they have side effects, your doctor may recommend non-stimulant medication. Some stimulants work by increasing the levels of norepinephrine in the brain. These drugs include atomoxetine (Strattera) and some antidepressants such as bupropion (Wellbutrin).
Medications for ADHD can have many benefits, as well as side effects.
Natural Remedies For ADHD
Various medications have been prescribed to help improve ADHD symptoms, with or without medication. For starters, following a healthy lifestyle can help you or your child manage ADHD symptoms. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the following:
- Eat a healthy and balanced diet
- Get at least 60 minutes of physical activity per day
- Get enough sleep
- Limit daily screen time from phones, computers and TVs
Studies have also shown that spending time in yoga, tai chi, and outdoors can greatly calm the mind and reduce ADHD symptoms. Mindfulness meditation is another option. Research Trusted Source in Adults and Adolescents has shown that meditation has a positive effect on anxiety and depression, as well as the process of attention and thought.
There are certain possible ways to help reduce ADHD symptoms by avoiding certain allergies and food additives.
Is ADHD A Disability?
Although ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder, it is not considered a learning disability. However, ADHD symptoms can be difficult to learn. Also, some people with ADHD may have a learning disability.
To help eliminate any impact on children’s education, teachers can develop individualized guidelines for students with ADHD. This may include giving extra time for homework and tests or developing a personal rewards system.
Although not technically a disability, ADHD can have lifelong effects.
ADHD And Depression
If you or your child has ADHD, they are also more likely to have depression. In fact, children with ADHD have five times higher rates of major depression than children with ADHD. 31% of adults with ADHD are also diagnosed with depression.
This sounds like an unfair double whammy, but know that there are treatments for both conditions. Treatment often overlaps. Psychotherapy can help treat both conditions. Additionally, certain antidepressants, such as bupropion, can sometimes help relieve ADHD symptoms.
Of course, having ADHD does not guarantee that you will have depression, but it is important to know that there is a possibility.
Tips For Dealing With ADHD
If you or your child has ADHD, a consistent structure and a consistent schedule can help. Adult lists, using lists, keeping calendars, and setting reminders are great ways to help you stay organized and organized. Assignment to children can be helpful in assigning assignments that they write down assignments in their assigned areas and keep everyday items, such as toys and backpacks.