Dorsalgia: Types, Causes, Symptoms And Treatment You Need To Know (What is dorsalgia? causes, types, signs and its treatment)

Back pain usually starts in the muscles, nerves and joints of the back. Pain associated with scoliosis, lordosis, and other specific categorical conditions does not include back pain. It is more than just back pain, because the disease is directly linked to back pain.

Dorsalgia comes from two words: “Dorsal” and “Algia”. Dorsal means back and algae means pain. Dorsalgia occurs when a patient has severe pain in the back or spine. Back pain, spinal pain includes lower back pain, lower back pain and sciatica. Back pain usually starts in the muscles, nerves and joints of the back. Pain associated with scoliosis, lordosis, and other specific categorical conditions does not include back pain. It is more than just back pain, because the disease is directly linked to back pain.

Dorsalgia / Back pain is classified into six categories based on the specific part of the spine that causes the pain. There are six types of back pain:

  • Cervical dorsalgia
  • Cervicothoracic dorsalgia
  • Thoracic dorsalgia
  • Lumbar dorsalgia
  • Lumbosacral dorsalgia
  • Thoracolumbar dorsalgia

Dorsalgia can be caused by a bulging disc or a herniated disc. Trauma or workload, such as extensive manual labor, can also cause back pain. Stress-related disorders can also lead to back pain.

Symptoms of Dorsalgia / Back pain

Symptoms of low back pain can begin with mild back pain and end with severe back pain followed by a burning sensation. Some of the other symptoms of back pain are discussed below:

  • You may have difficulty doing daily activities such as homework.
  • If you experience sharp or stabbing pain in your back or neck, especially when bending.
  • Burning is accompanied by back or neck pain.
  • You may have difficulty changing position or currency.
  • You may feel instability in your upper and lower extremities.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is highly recommended that you see a doctor and tell them everything about the condition, such as your medical history, family history of back problems, or previous history. Injuries. This will help your doctor understand your condition and start appropriate treatment.

Treatment of Dorsalgia / Back pain

Back pain is a complex stage of back pain. It can be mild, moderate or severe. Depending on the severity of your back pain, your doctor may prescribe the most appropriate treatment for your back pain. Mild back pain can be treated with less invasive or conservative treatments, such as physical therapy, medication, and home remedies, if these treatments fail to cure your condition. Your doctor may prescribe more invasive treatments, such as dry acupuncture. If your condition is severe and does not respond to any treatment, surgery will be the last resort for back pain.

All treatments are detailed below:

Physiotherapy and exercise

Suppose you are in the early stages of back pain. Your doctor will usually recommend physical therapy. Your physical therapist may schedule regular sessions with you to see how your body responds to physical therapy or exercise. Suppose your doctor successfully diagnoses the severity of your condition. In this case, the physical therapist will be able to find the right set of most possible exercises that will relieve your pain. Your physical therapist may suggest some of the best exercises to relieve back pain. Some of these effective exercises include:

  • Butterfly Stretch
  • Thoracic Stretch
  • Overhead Shoulder Stretch
  • Mid-Trap strengthening exercise
  • Kneeling back extension

Physiotherapy is very helpful in treating chronic back pain and is considered to be more effective than surgery. Successful physical therapy brings it back to normal.

Medications For Dorsalgia

Your doctor may also prescribe some medications along with physical therapy or exercise. NSAIDs are primarily prescribed to patients with back pain to relieve back pain and reduce symptoms. Common NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, etc. These medicines are available in various presentations like tablets, creams and gels. You can get some of these medicines over the counter (without a prescription), while you may need a prescription from your doctor to buy others. Paracetamol and muscle relaxants are also used to relieve back pain.

Be careful when using certain medications, such as NSAIDs, as they can cause serious side effects such as heart and stomach problems. Use these medicines as directed by your doctor.

Dry Needling

Dry needles are a popular treatment for low back pain. This treatment involves inserting a thin thread-like needle into the skin at the site of the pain. The main purpose of dry needles is to treat muscle and nerve pain by blocking the trigger zone. Dry needles are a safe treatment option, but you are advised to check with your healthcare provider to see if dry needles are right for you.

Dry needles have a number of side effects, such as pain in the target area, bleeding, and fainting.


If treatment does not help relieve your back pain, surgery is your last resort. Surgery is recommended at a later stage, but be sure to provide full details of any surgical complications you may have experienced in the past. Tell your healthcare provider if you are at risk of infection after surgery. There are several types of back surgery offered.

  • Discectomy
  • Spinal fusion
  • Vertebroplasty
  • Nucleoplasty
  • Artificial disk replacement
  • Foraminotomy

Your doctor will consider your condition and recommend the most appropriate type of surgery.

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