Dementia – Symptoms, Causes, Types Of Dementia And Its Treatment


Dementia is certainly not a specific disease, but it is a general term for a weak ability to remember, think, or resolve choices that interfere with normal exercise.

We all forget things in our daily activities. It often happens that we do not pay much attention to the subject. Or it could be when we are under a lot of pressure or doing many things at the same time.

Forgetting can be normal. But when forgetfulness starting to interfere in your daily routine life activities, it may be a sign or symptoms of dementia.

What is dementia?

Dementia is a global term which is used to explain memory loss, poor thinking, the inability in order to answer logical questions & some other mental abilities. Disruption of these activities can interfere with activities of daily living.

What are the symptoms of dementia?

The most common symptom and symptom of dementia is forgetfulness. In the early stages, the person can feel it for himself. They may have a hard time remembering the smallest details of everyday events. However, family members can easily sense it. There are following signs & symptoms of Alzheimer’s diseases. These are:

1- Losing memory

We all have a bit of memory loss or confusion from time to time in our lives. But with dementia, there is a deeper memory loss. People can leave their belongings in irrational places, get lost in the streets, or be unable to return home on their own. Also, they can forget conversations, promises and appointments. They may not even remember what they ate for their last meal, and did or did not.

People with dementia can repeat statements and ask the same question over and over. If you suffer from this condition, consult the best psychologist.

2- Logical thinking and reasoning

People with dementia have trouble thinking and reasoning. They have difficulty performing mathematical calculations and abstract concepts. They find it difficult to multitask, like paying the bill and signing the checkbook at the same time.

3- The power of decision and decision making

Over time, people with dementia find it very difficult to make the right and wise decisions. They may make a wrong decision depending on the situation, such as wearing the wrong clothes depending on the season.

You can find them in the winter with an inappropriate dressing. They may not know how to dress appropriately for the situation. Also, they may not respond adequately to everyday situations, such as when they don’t feel like food is burning on the stove.

For these reasons, they need someone who can come to them and support them. Otherwise, they can hurt themselves.

4- Talent Or Skills

People with dementia cannot read books or participate in other activities such as singing, listening to music, or writing. As the disease progresses, fine skills deteriorate.

What are the types of dementia?

Dementia can be divided into the following types.

  • It’s the name of a mental illness or Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Creutz-Feldt-Jacob disease
  • Vascular dementia
  • Parkinson’s disease, dementia, and similar disorders.
  • Insanity with lewy bodies

Dementia can be classified according to the affected part of the brain;

  • Cortical dementia, caused by a problem in the cerebral cortex, is an outer layer of the brain.
  • Subcortical dementia: caused by problems in areas below the cerebral cortex.

What are the causes of dementia?

The causes of dementia can be;

Neurodegenerative diseases: for example Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease & some kinds of various or multiple sclerosis.

Vascular disease: These are the conditions that affect the blood circulation in your blood. This may be due to;

  • Traumatic brain injuries.
  • Central nervous system infections such as meningitis, HIV, and Creutzfield Jacob disease
  • Alcohol for a long time
  • Long-term drug use
  • Some types of hydrocephalus

Other causes of dementia can be reversible.

  • Alcohol or substance abuse disorder
  • Tumor
  • Subdural hematomas: a condition in which blood clots form under the outer layer of the brain.
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus: A condition in which fluid builds up around the brain.
  • Metabolic disorders such as vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Hypothyroidism or low thyroid hormones
  • Hypoglycemia – low blood sugar
  • HIV-related neurological disorders (hands)

What are the risk factors for dementia?

There is no dementia. This is due to the accumulation of proteins in the brain. The following are the risk factors that are connected with this;

  • Family history and genetics
  • Getting old
  • Down’s Syndrome
  • The sex of the woman
  • Head injuries / accidents
  • Mild cognitive impairment.
  • Exposure of air pollution
  • Bad sleep patterns
  • Lifestyle habits such as lack of exercise, obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and uncontrolled type II diabetes.


Dementia is a developing disease. Medications can be given as symptomatic treatment. If someone in your family has symptoms of dementia, take them to the best psychiatrist.

What Causes a Person to Have Dementia?

Dementia is a condition in which brain cells are damaged. It damages the brain’s ability to communicate. When this ability hurts your behavior, it hurts your thoughts and feelings.

What are the first symptoms of dementia?

  • The initial signs of dementia are given below.
  • You suffer from memory loss.
  • You have trouble concentrating and thinking.
  • Struggle in order to follow conversation or may find the correct word
  • Humor changes

What is the most common form of dementia?

Alzheimer’s disease, may be known as the most common kind of dementia. This condition occurs when there is an abnormal growth of proteins around brain cells.

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