Acid Reflux Disease – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment You Should Know

Acid Reflux Or Excess Acidity

Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter muscle in the lower esophagus relaxes at the wrong time, allowing stomach acid to build up in the esophagus. It can cause heartburn.

Have you ever feel a burning sensation in your chest? Have you ever feel severe or acute chest pain? If so, you should read this article as it can be a sign of heartburn.

Heartburn, also called gastric acid reflux disease (GERD), is a condition in which gastric acid backs up into the esophagus. Because gastric juice has an acidic pH, it can cause great discomfort when it gets into the mouth and eventually cause a sore throat. Over-the-counter medications and lifestyle changes can help treat this condition.

What are the symptoms of acidosis or acid reflux?

There are signs and symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease;

  • Indigestion
  • Burning or tingling sensation in the stomach between meals or at night.
  • Hiccup
  • Recurring nausea or upset stomach.
  • Swelling
  • Material such as blood, vomit, or coffee grounds.
  • Black plush stools
  • Stomach ache
  • Threw up
  • Loss of appetite
  • Spitting up sour food or liquid
  • Sensation of a lump in the throat.

Heartburn or acidity or acid reflux usually appears at night. It also causes symptoms like;

  • ¬†Chronic cough
  • New or worsening asthma
  • Sleep disorders
  • Laryngitis

If you suffer from these symptoms, you should see your best gastroenterologist.

What are the causes of heartburn or acid reflux or acidity?

When you eat, it travels through the esophagus, which contains a sphincter that opens when food enters and closes to prevent acid reflux. In this way, the food you eat goes to the stomach. If for some reason the esophageal sphincter relaxes or opens when food is not passing through, gastric acid builds up in the esophagus, eventually causing heartburn.

What are the risk factors for acidosis or acid reflux or acidity?

Risk factors for acidosis can be:

  • Excessive stress – Burns, injuries, surgery, or infections can put you at risk for gastritis and acidosis.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption: Alcohol can cause irritation and erosion of the stomach lining, which can put you at risk for digestive juices. Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to severe gastritis and acidosis.
  • Use of NSAIDs or other anti-inflammatory drugs: Overuse of pain relievers such as naproxen or ibuprofen can cause gastritis. That’s why NSAIDs work by blocking the production of chemicals, may be called as prostaglandins, that protect the lining of the stomach. Therefore, when you use it too much, your body does not produce protective chemicals for your gastric lining.
  • Aging: As you age, the gastric lining becomes thinner. Therefore, old age can put you at risk for gastric ulcer.
  • Autoimmune gastritis: A condition in which cells in your body invade their own cells and damage the cells that line the stomach, eventually damaging the gastrointestinal tract. It is more common in people with other autoimmune conditions, such as Hashimoto’s disease and type I diabetes. However, it can also be related to vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Other health conditions or diseases: Health conditions such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, HIV / AIDS, or other bacterial or protozoal infections can also cause acidosis.

What are the complications of acidosis or acid reflux or acidity?

Acidity or Acid Reflux can cause gastritis

Gastritis, if not treated on time, may cause to stomach ulcers & heavy bleeding. In rare cases, it can also increase the risk of stomach cancer, especially if there are changes in the lining and thinning.

What are the treatment options for acidosis or acid reflux or excess acidity?

Treatment for acidosis is:

  • Take proton pump inhibitors or antacids that help reduce acidic moisture.
  • Avoid hot and spicy foods.
  • If gastritis is caused by malignant anemia, vitamin B12 injections will be recommended.
  • Avoid foods that irritate your stomach, such as lactose in milk or gluten in wheat.
  • To get rid of H. pylori infection, your doctor may prescribe a method of two antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor.


Heartburn can be a traumatic condition. That’s why, it should be treated on time or as soon as possible. Heartburn symptoms should not be ignored. Symptoms of acidosis, if left untreated, can lead to various complications.

If you suffer from heartburn, you should go to the best gastroenterologist.

What are the symptoms of acidosis?

Some of the symptoms that can cause an upset stomach include:

  • Upset stomach, which can be scarier to the stomach.
  • Up hill
  • indigestion
  • Diarrhea
  • Lack of desire
  • Unclear weight loss

How can I reduce acidity or acid reflux?

  • Eat a little slower.
  • Try not to drink carbonated sodas.
  • Stay awake after eating.
  • Try not to move too fast.
  • Give up smoking

Why do I have acidity or acid reflux?

Heartburn occurs when the sphincter muscles at the lower end of the throat open at an unacceptable time, which keeps gastrointestinal corrosion in the throat. It can cause indigestion and various signs and symptoms. Persistent Reflux can cause gastrointestinal illness.


Click Here To Know The Best Home Remedies For Indigestion Or Gastric Disorder

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