Types Or Kinds Of Osteoarthritis
There are may types or kind of osteoarthritis that we face, these are:
1- Osteoarthritis In Hands
Osteoarthritis can affect one or more areas of your hands. These areas often include the fingertips, the nickel between each finger, the joint that connects the thumb and the wrist, and the wrist itself. The joints that are most affected determine the symptoms that occur. These symptoms often include:
- Trouble moving your fingers
- Low range of motion
- Crunching sound when you move your fingers
- Difficulty grasping or grasping objects
Women are more likely than men to have OA and are more likely to get it at an early age. Hand OA can have a big impact on your ability to perform tasks related to daily life. However, treatment can range from lifestyle changes to surgery.
2- Osteoarthritis In Hips
OA can occur in one or both hips. In this way it differs from RA, which usually occurs in both hips at the same time. Osteoarthritis of the hip is a chronic condition.
Many people find that they can cope with their symptoms for many years with the use of medication, exercise and physical therapy. Facilities, such as walking sticks, can also help.
If the condition worsens, steroid injections, other medications or surgery may help.
3- Osteoarthritis Of The Knees
Like hip OA, knee OA can occur in one or both knees. Age, genetics and knee injuries can affect osteoarthritis of the knee. Athletes who focus entirely on a sport that produces wide and repetitive movements, such as running or playing tennis, may be at increased risk for OA. Similarly, just one type of physical activity can maximize the use of some muscles and weaken others, creating weakness and instability in the knee joint.
Diversifying your activities helps different muscle groups to work, which can strengthen all the muscles around your knee. Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee depends on the stage of the condition.
4- Osteoarthritis Knee Brace
Wearing a brace around the knee may be the best non-surgical treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee. Braces can reduce swelling and pressure. They can also increase knee stability by removing weight from the damaged part of the knee. More than that, there is an opportunity for movement.
There are several types of knee braces. Some can be customized for you and others are available without a prescription. Your doctor may suggest that you try different types of curves for different activities.
5- Cervical Osteoarthritis
Cervical OA is also known as neck OA or cervical spondylosis. It is an age-related condition that affects more than 85% of people over the age of 60. It is found in both men and women.
The cervical spine is located in the neck and involves the joints of the sides. These joints help maintain the flexibility of the spinal cord, which causes the whole movement. When the cartilage around the joints of the facets begins to wear down, the cervix becomes OA.
Cervical OA does not always cause symptoms. If so, the symptoms can range from mild to severe and include:
- Pain in the shoulder blades, arm, or fingers
- Muscular weakness
- Stiffness in your neck
- Headache, mainly in the back of the head
- Entanglement or numbness in the arms or legs
Sometimes, more serious symptoms can occur, such as bladder or bowel movements, or loss of balance.
6- Spinal Osteoarthritis
If you have back pain, you may have back pain. This condition affects the joints in the lower back and buttocks. Age and spinal cord trauma are possible causes of spinal OA. This condition is more common in women than in men. People who are overweight or who need to sit and sit at work may also be at higher risk.
The symptoms of spinal OA can vary in severity. These include:
- Stiffness or tenderness in the back joints
- Weakness, numbness, or tingling in your arms or legs
- Low range of motion
It is important to pay attention to these symptoms. If left untreated, spinal OA can worsen and lead to more severe symptoms and disability.
You may have risk factors for OA that you cannot control, such as heredity, age and gender. But other risk factors can be overcome, and handling them can help reduce your risk of OA.
The following tips can help you manage risk factors under your control.
- Support Your Body: If you are an athlete or amateur athlete, make sure to take care of your body. Wear sports support and shoes that reduce the impact on your knees. Also make sure to make your sports different so that all your muscles are working, not just one muscle at a time.
- Check your weight: Keep your blood mass index (BMI) within the appropriate range for your height and gender.
- Eat A Healthy Diet: Eat a variety of healthy foods, with a focus on fresh vegetables and fruits.
- Get Enough Rest: Give your body plenty of opportunities to rest and sleep.
If you have diabetes, controlling your blood sugar levels can also help control your OA risk.